The Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF) provides Softwine Press with the legal reasoning behind selling softwine in Maryland.

Drink your lawn

This page outlines how to turn your weeds and grass into softwine.

Hotel Goat has one location in Silver Spring. We’re working towards opening Hotel Goat franchises in Takoma Park. There is a research facility in the Ag Reserve.

Hotel Goat franchisees learn about maintaining residential yards with goats,

Using goats for lawn maintenance

Nigerian Dwarf goats are suited for suburbia. They are smaller than most other goat breeds. Less size means they require less space. Nigerians can be easily transported in cars.


City of Takoma Park said the city follows MoCo zoning regulations. MoCo zoning allows goats to be kept. However, goat pens and shelters must conform to zoning regulations. Goat pens require setbacks from neigbors and streets.

Setbacks could be a concern if temporary fencing which is set up on a front yard is legally considered a pen. This is where goat management becomes critical. Properly trained goats can be kept on a leash.

We also checked the City of Takoma Park municipal code to determine the legality of goats in Takoma Park. We were not able to find anything in the code that prohibits goats. Here is a link to the code: Municipal Code

An article in the Washington Post also indicates that goats are legal in Takoma Park. Here is a link to that article: Article

A final note: The Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund is a national team of lawyers that we keep on retainer for any legal challenges we may have.

Curriculum for goatherd crash course

Breeds of goats
A. The most common breeds in America

Uses for goats
A. Vineyard
B. Meat
C. Vegetation management
D. Fiber

Life cycle of goats
A. Breeding goats

Goat management
A. Diseases, parasites, worms
B. Plants that are poisonous to goats: azaleas
C. Hoof maintenance
D. Veterinary care

A. Hay
B. Pellets and cubes
C. Grain
D. Watering goats

A. Buying goats
B. Feed and hay costs
a. Where to buy feed and hay
C. Insurance
D. Membership in goat registry

Income from goats
A. Softwine laws in Maryland
B. Vegetation management
C. Commercial kitchen use (cf. the Notes section below)
D. Selling the babies (not as bad as it may seem)

The downside of suburban goats
A. Noise management
B. Waste management
C. Odor management
D. Finding reliable herd hospitality specialist
E. Overzealous Animal Services officers

A. Local Facebook pages of breeders and farmer groups

A. Disbudding goats
B. Never underestimate goats’ ability to damage property and persons, to escape, and to generally act exactly like people
C. Building integrity: ensuring goat housing meets Code Enforcement standard

MoCo sustainability pioneers

Dr. Nazirahk Amen has been involved in many urban agricultural projects. His distinctive purple house is a beacon of sustainability. Link to a recent project: Rice Farming
We are indebted to Dr. Amen for setting the agricultural tone in Takoma Park.

Mike Tabor is a Takoma Park citizen and activist, and an organic commercial farmer. Michael was involved in the city outlawing the use of lawn pesticides and herbicides, Thus has paved the way for goats safely browsing lawns.

Lady Farmers Mary and Emma Kingsley are local leaders in the “slow living” movement. Suburban agriculture rightly finds itself as part of this movement. Suburban agriculture is more than farming and gardening in suburbia.

To think like a goat

The following considerations apply to Nigerian Dwarf goats left to their own devices. Trained goats, other breeds of goats, or goats in other circumstances, may act differently.

Consider a group of people at a smorgasbord. And there are exotic foods on the table. What is a strategy for eating? One way is to wait till everyone else fills up their plate and then watch to find out what they like.

If people are leaving over a certain food on their plate, that food is probably something to avoid.

Conversely, if they are eating a certain food, that food is probably going down well.

Goats have a sophisticated smorgasbord system to communicate with each other what is worthwhile to eat. It involves what I call congregating, questioning, and waiting.

A. Congregating means a herd of goats like eating from the same area. Say there are two buckets of exactly the same food. The goats will move from bucket to bucket. Some will choose one bucket, some the other. After a while some may switch buckets. It can get to the point where they all want to eat from the same bucket. That bucket becomes the popular “restaurant” and they will all fight to eat there. Even though the same, exact food is right “next door”. We can also call this phenomenon “bucket hopping”, analogous to bar hopping. Or “line waiting” analogous to how people will wait in line to get into a fancy reataurant.

B. Questioning means one goat going over to another goat who is eating, and the first goat lifts her chin, and sniffs what the second one is eating. It’s like, “Whatcha having? Anything good?” If it’s a vine and it’s hanging from the second goat’s mouth, it’ll sometimes be, “Mind if I take a piece from your plate?” and the first goat will eat the part that’s hanging.

C. Waiting means eating something and then waiting awhile while the food wends its way through the goat’s stomachs. So a goat will nibble something, then wait, and if it goes down ok, they’ll go back to eating more. However, if it makes them sick, they will then advise the other goats to avoid it.

Firmwine (solid softwine) and fermwine (fermented softwine) can be made using equipment from MicroDairy Designs.